Trench Warfare of WWI

If you had been able to fly over the battlegrounds and regions that had been in use during World War One, it is very probable that you would have seen a series of maze-like dugouts in the ground. These maze-like structures were called trenches, and were more commonly used by the fronts fighting in the war. It consisted of soldiers possessing shovels and other various digging tools, and digging into the ground to make a cover for their armies; if shots were fired they could go over the entrenchments dug into the ground instead of maiming or wounding the soldiers. Members of a sentry would keep watch while others would sleep, and it would be continuous throughtout the nights and days, plans for trenches were highly elaborate. Over months and long periods of times, they would grow deeper and more complex; running into itself and becoming vast interlocking defensive mechanisms, to protect themselves from attack the surrounding areas would be covered in barbed wire as to prevent opposing soldiers from launching an attack. The spaces between trenches from opposite sides were knoen as “no-man’s land” and could be anywhere from a mere 16 yards to over 300. Each side though made their trenches from very different blueprints; British armies would more commonly dig out three parallell lines and between them connect them using communication trenches that were often heavily fortifies with neseccities. The front trench consisted of light and sparse forces, and the last trench was in use in case the front lines in the trenches were used; the last trench would be where you would often find mass counter-attacks. Geman forces constructed their battlements in a very different kind of style, they would build numbers of multiple redundant trench systems, and built their battlements so that breakthroughs from opposing forces were almost virtually impossible. They used materials like concrete, to help ventilate and reinforce the trences. Throughout the war, both sides evolved the process in which they reinforces themselves and their trenches from opposing forces. But, these processes were often dangerous, and there were threats from soldier’s very own living establishments concocted inside these elaborate trenches, and so the question remains: Was there more of a threat from dying from enemy weapons and soldiers from opposing trenches, or more so from your very own trench; where diseases ran rampant like trench foot, and dysentary, and filth, infection, and rats could kill you in a matter of days, in places where there was no threat of being killed by your enemies? http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/trenchlife.htm


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